The Adirondack Park

Sleeping Beauty Mt
Sleeping Beauty Mt

View southeast at sunrise

Johnathan Esper •

When the Adirondack Park was created in 1892 by the State of New York - this diverse mountain landscape was a wild place. Full of pristine waterways, boreal forests and the towering mountains. It was land ripe for cultivation or conservation, and it was already on the brink of wide-spread deforestation.

Clear cutting was a growing concern for many in the late 1800s, but it wasn't until 1894 that the Adirondack Forest Preserve was established and recognized as a constitutionally protected Forever Wild area. Of the Adirondack Park's 6 million acres, 2.6 million acres are owned by New York State. The remaining 3.4 million acres are privately owned.

Within the Adirondack Region is the largest publicly protected area in the contiguous United States. It is also home to 105 towns and villages. There is often a misperception that the Adirondack Park is a national or state park, yet the region's mix of public and private land allow for conservation and civilization to thrive.

The Adirondack Park Forest Preserve

Verplanck Colvin, a lawyer, author, illustrator and topographical engineer, was the original surveyor of the Adirondack Park. Through his early work and appreciation of the Adirondack Mountains - he helped raise awareness for the need to create a Forest Preserve and ultimately, the Adirondack Park.

Colvin got his start at his father's law office in Albany, specializing in real estate law and gaining practical surveying experience. Colvin spent several years around the 1860s exploring in the Adirondacks and by 1869, he decided to do a geological survey of the region. 

One year later, Colvin recorded his ascent of Seward Mountain - where he witnessed the widespread devastation of the logging industry - and presented his observations to the Albany Institute. This caught the ears of several NYS officials and was printed in the annual report of the New York State Museum of Natural History. In his report, Colvin argued that clear-cutting would lead to reduced water flow in the state's canals and rivers - main thoroughfares of commerce for New York City and beyond. 

In 1872, Colvin applied for a stipend from New York State to cover the costs of a survey, and was presented with a budget of $1,000, and named to the newly created post of Superintendent of the Adirondack Survey. Over the next year, Colvin and his crews discovered Lake Tear of the Clouds - the source of the Hudson River, and many more Adirondack peaks. Through his work in the Adirondacks, Colvin was able to demonstrate the need for conservation of the state's wild spaces. Eventually, Colvin was appointed Superintendent of the New York State Land Survey, where his work led to the creation of the Adirondack Park Forest Preserve.

6 Million Acres Forever Wild

The Adirondack Park was created in 1892 by the State of New York amid concerns for the water and timber resources of the region. Larger than several states in New England, bigger even than Yosemite, Yellowstone, Glacier, Grand Canyon and the Great Smokies National Parks combined - the Adirondack Park contains the largest protected wilderness area east of the Mississippi.

Seven distinct geographical regions are located within the Adirondacks: the Adirondack Wild, Lake George Region, Adirondack Coast, Adirondack Lakes Region, Lake Placid Region, Adirondacks-Tughill and the Adirondack Seaway.

The boundary of the park encompasses more than six million acres, nearly half of which belongs to all the people of New York state and is constitutionally protected as a "forever wild" forest preserve. The remaining half of the park is private land including settlements, farms, timberlands, businesses, homes and camps.

The Adirondack Park boasts 3,000 lakes and ponds, and 30,000 miles of rivers and streams, therefore Adirondack waterways are vast, wild and primal -perfect for New York canoeing and kayaking. The 46 tallest mountains within the park are called the Adirondack High Peaks. Mount Marcy is the highest point in the entire state of New York, towering 5,343 feet above the High Peaks Wilderness Area. Whether you're a "46er" or simply looking to take a nature walk in the lower elevations - the Adirondack Park has more than 2,000 miles of complex and beautiful New York hiking trails that cater to every skill level. Year-round recreation at alpine and cross-country ski centers is also a popular draw throughout the region.

Handicap accessible trails are offered in many regions so that everyone can enjoy the wilderness. For a hands-on glimpse into the history of the Adirondacks - from the logging industry to the distinctive architecture of the Adirondack Great Camps - the Adirondack Museum in Blue Mountain Lake is the best place to go. The Wild Center Natural History Museum in Tupper Lake focuses on the environment and geology of the park. Celebrated for their experiential exhibits, these two museums are a must for first time visitors.

The Blue Line

When the first maps of the Adirondack Park in Northern New York were made by cartographers, blue ink was used to delineate the park's boundaries - a choice that has led many to refer to the Adirondack Park as being within the "blue line." Originally, the blue line was meant to guide the acquisition of future State Forest Preserve lands, but over the centuries, it has come to define the region - often resulting in legal impact on the public and private lands located within it.

The New York State Constitution necessitates that any land owned or acquired by the state within the blue line be kept "Forever Wild." Unless a special amendment is made for a development project, state Forest Preserve lands cannot be bought, sold or transferred - allowing Adirondack recreation opportunities to flourish.

Although it is known for offering incredible outdoor recreation experiences, the park offers an authentic and unique wilderness adventure within a day's drive for 60 million people. It's just hours from New York City, Boston, Burlington, Montreal and Ottawa. Discover the enduring legacy of this wild area during your next family vacation.

Wildlife Viewing

Old-growth and second generation forests in the Adirondacks are home to a multitude of wildlife and birds. There are over 50 species of mammals that live in the Mountains of the Adirondacks.
Mammals in the Adirondacks

Below is a small sample of some of the interesting mammal species you might run into during your visit to the Adirondacks:

  • Moose
  • Black Bears
  • Beavers
  • Star-nosed Moles
  • Snowshoe Hares
  • Little Brown Bats
  • Red & Gray Fox
  • Skunks
  • Bobcats
  • River Otters
  • Muskrat
  • American Mink
  • Martens
  • Ermine
  • Fishers
  • Flying Squirrels

Plants & Wildflowers

The Adirondack Mountains make up the southern part of the Eastern forest- boreal transition eco-region - a temperate forest region that extends into Maine and eastern Canada. The vast Adirondack Park Forest Preserve is home to spruce, hemlock, beech and pine, as well as broad-leafed trees. In fall, visitors from around the world enjoy the spectacular fall foliage - a top attraction for leaf peepers.

In spring and summer, alpine meadows, fields and forests burst into bloom. Wildflowers as well as moss and lichens such as deer's hair thrive in the mountains and valleys. On any given Adirondack hiking trip, find Alpine Bilberry, Lapland Rosebay, and Bearberry Willow and Mountain Sandwort. Two varieties of shrubs are native to the Adirondacks: yew and juniper. Several Adirondack plant species are edible. Any nature trek in the spring will yield fiddlehead ferns - a seasonal plant that is culled for culinary recipes, and partridge berry, which is used to make jam.

The Adirondacks are part of the largest boreal forest in the world. The word 'Adirondack' is thought to be a derogatory term given to the Algonquin tribe by neighboring Mohawk, meaning "barkeaters." Often misspelled as Adirondak or Adriondack, a geologist, Ebenezer Emmons, named the region we know as the Adirondack Park in 1838. The park was first deemed Forever Wild in 1885 when New York State established the Forest Preserve, yet timber cutting was still allowed. To counteract clear cutting of the wild forests, and pollution of rivers and streams, New York State declared the Adirondack Park truly Forever Wild in 1894, prohibiting the sale of state land and the timber thereon. Often delineated by a blue line on maps, the Adirondack Park's 6 million acres of private and state-owned land is easily found on any map of New York State.

Enewsletter Sign-up
Connect with the Adirondack Region and stay on top of what's happening and when, where to stay and what's new! Privacy Policy

Whether it's your first time visiting or your thousandth - the beauty of the Adirondack Mountains will take your breath away.

The Adirondack Regions
Adirondack Coast - Plattsburgh
Sail the historic shores of Lake Champlain and experience Adirondack history, from the Battle of Plattsburgh to the Mayor’s Cup Regatta. Fish for bass, visit Ausable Chasm and enjoy winery tours. Adventure awaits on the Adirondack Coast!
Explore this Region
Adirondack Lakes
Explore the Wild Center, tour a palace of ice at the Saranac Lake Winter Carnival or camp on an island. From the slopes of Titus Mountain, to the fairways of the Malone Golf Club, the Adirondack Lakes Region offers year-round adventure on land and water!
Explore this Region
Adirondack Seaway
Dive to sunken shipwrecks, navigate the St. Lawrence River and visit Singer Castle, rising from Dark Island. Discover Akwesasne culture, Frederic Remington’s artistic legacy and waterfall hiking trails. The Adirondack Seaway offers mystery at each turn!
Explore this Region
Adirondacks, Experience It!
Discover the Adirondack Museum on the shores of Blue Mountain Lake, join fellow birders for migrations and enjoy the wilderness. Home to Great Camps, Hudson River whitewater rafting & miles of scenic drives – experience the heart of the Adirondack Wild!
Explore this Region
Adirondacks Tug Hill
Race along miles of recreation trails from towering plateau to scenic farmland. Paddle the Black River Canoe Trail, ski Snow Ridge, tour Tug Hill Vineyards and enjoy events like the Cream Cheese Festival. Live deeply and connect in the Tug Hill Region!
Explore this Region
Lake George Region
As the southern gateway to the Adirondack Region, this area showcases an unforgettable collaboration of mountain air, hometown flair, unparalleled wilderness, historic landmarks, and one of the largest collections of America’s cleanest bodies of water.
Explore this Region
Lake Placid
From Lake Placid and Saranac Lake in the High Peaks to the Adirondack Coast of Lake Champlain to the Schroon Lake region, the varied terrain of this part of the Adirondacks offers a variety of outdoor, historic and scenic experiences to match!
Explore this Region
Download Free Adirondack Travel Guides
Download Adirondack maps, fishing, scenic drives, hiking and paddling guides for FREE and plan a new Adirondack adventure!

Search form

All content, photography, programming © Adirondack Regional Tourism Council, 2002 - 2015P.O. Box 911, Lake Placid, NY 12946